Nature’s carbon cycle is pretty straight forward. All the land plants on our farms, including our cotton crops play a huge role in controlling carbon levels. Photosynthesis occurs in the cells of microscopic organisms and within the leaves of a plant. They use sunlight, to change carbon dioxide and water into a carbon based sugar which is used for food. Approximately half of all carbon that is extracted from the atmosphere is done through the process of photosynthesis.
Plants are also the primary way that carbon is transferred to soil. Not all of the carbon dioxide that plants suck up for photosynthesis is needed for food. The excess goes down through their roots and feeds organisms that live in the soil. Carbon from the roots and leaves from dying plants are also captured in the soil and is added to the carbon sink. Carbon is the main organic soil component that makes our soil fertile and also helps soil retain water.